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Holocaust and the Second World War Working Group

The working group brings together a diverse body of scholars who work to break down the artificial barrier between Romania’s Holocaust history and military history to gain a better perspective of the era and its complexities.

Active members

Cioflanca, Adrian

Clark, Roland

Cragg, Bronwyn

Deletant, Dennis

Drace-Francis, Alex

Dumitru, Diana (convenor)

Goldenshteyn, Maksim

Grec, Emanuel

Harward, Grant (convenor)

Ionescu, Stefan

Levick, Carmen

Livezeanu, Irina

Solonari, Vladimir

Suveica, Svetlana

Other members

Ciobanu, Monica

Hershcovitz, Sylvia

Ploscariu, Iemima

Stefan, Olga

Stoica, Cristina

Waldman, Felicia


Virtual Meeting, Saturday, 14 May 2022.

The working group introduced themselves. Members spoke briefly about their current research projects including: post-war Jewish responses (including revenge) to the Holocaust in Moldova, a comparative history of Axis and Soviet armies at Staligrad, environmental approaches to war, political history of interwar Romania, fascist Iron Guard exiles and their impact on the Romanian diaspora community in Canada, memory politics and war crimes trials post-war, humanitarian aid for Jews in Transnistria, neo-Protestants in interwar Romania, Soviet Jewish survivors of the Holocaust in Transnistria, and wartime cultural history. Clearly, this shows a dynamic future for Romania-focused research into the Holocaust and the Second World War. Grant Harward reviewed the historiography of the Holocaust and the Second World War from wartime reportage to communist censorship and finally to post-communist controversies. Diana Dumitru then spoke on nine emerging paths in Holocaust Studies that offer new approaches and methodologies to studying the Holocaust in Romania. Finally, the working group discussed options for future working group meetings.

Online discussion of Radu Jude’s film Amintiri de pe frontul de est, Saturday, 15 October 2022.

Virtual Meeting, Saturday, 4 February 2023.

As part of the 80th anniversary of the capitulation of Axis forces captured in the Stalingrad pocket, the working group organized a roundtable on the memory of the turning point of the Second World War in Romania, Italy, and Hungary. Grant Harward reviewed how Romanian soldiers were celebrated, forgotten, and now honored again. Nicolò Da Lio spoke about how anti-Fascist, Conservative, and right-wing groups addressed Italian soldiers over time. Unfortunately, Ákos Fóris could not talk on Hungarian soldiers because of a power outage and storm, but he sent a copy of his paper focused on wartime cover-up and communist show trial. Slides of all three presentations are available to those who are interested.